Sensational Archaeological Discovery Near Shveshtari Amazes in Bulgaria
The tomb consists of a corridor (dromos) and three square chambers: ante-chamber, lateral chamber and main burial chamber covered by a semicylindrical vault. The plan of the building offers a new interesting example in Thracian building practice. The decoration of the tomb is executed in the sprit of the contemporary Helenistic architecture. Its entrance is flanked by two rectangular columns (antae). Above them there is an architrave plate with a frieze in relief, consisting of stylized bovine heads (bucrania), rosettes and garlands. Ten beautiful female figures with hands raised high like caryatids are impressive. The figures are about 1.20 m tall, presented frontally, wearing long sleeveless dresses (chtons) tied with a thin belt below the breasts.
Two funerary beds, human bones and grave offerings were discovered in the central chamber. From the scattered stone details it was possible to reconstruct the faзade of the tomb aedicule - naiskos, consisting of pilasters, cornice and a pediment, and closed with three stone doors. Being places in front of the large funerary bed as a symbol of the boundary between life and death, the aedicule isolated the grave of the deified ruler - the most sacral part of the tomb - from the rest of the place. In the center of the composition the goddesss is offering a gold wreath to the ruler, rendered as a horseman facing her. On both sides of them there are processions of servants and armour-bearers carrying different gifts in their hands.
The time when the Sveshtari tomb was built (mid-3d century BC) coincided with the period of a great political, economic and cultural upsurge of the Thracian tribe of the Getae.The rich decoration and perfect architecture of the tomb speak for the political power of the ruler.
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