Black Sea's Fish Resources Depleted, Bulgarian Scientist Alarms
The fish resources of the Black Sea are highly depleted by overfishing, according to Prof. Daniela Klisarova, Director of the Institute on Fish Resources in Varna.
Out of over 200 fish species and over 500 mollusc and seaweed species in the Black Sea, only about a dozen species remain commercially attractive as the fish shoals have been thoroughly depleted, she said. These provide 98% of the amounts of fish extracted from the Black Sea.
"Biological diversity has decreased but fishing has increased in spite of the collapse in fish resources which occurred in 1990. The average amount fished in 1996-2005 was 410 000 tons, varying between 330 000 and 500 000 tons, which is 30 000 tons more than the average catch in 1989-1995," Klisarova explained in Varna on Wednesday.
In her words, the extinction of fish species in the Black Sea could technically be reversed but only through joint measures of the Black Sea countries.
"We need an improved fish resource management policy by all states taking into account the condition of the fish reserves. This means that we need a better policy to prevent overfishing at the national level in accordance with the EU policies as well as on the regional level," said the head of the Institute on Fish Resources, which also hosts the Varna Acquarium.
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