Bulgaria's Agriculture Sector with Impressive Export Growth in 2010
Bulgaria's agriculture sector appears to be taking off, according to data presented by the Agriculture Ministry and the National Statistical Institute.
Agriculture is one of the few sectors of the Bulgarian economy with positive trade balance, according to the Bulgarian Ministry of Agriculture and Foods.
In 2010, Bulgaria's agriculture trade balance was positive USD 944 M, up from a positive USD 385 M in 2009.
The Agriculture Ministry boasts that what it describes as "proactive export policies of the state have led to increasing the export potential of Bulgarian agricultural products."
Thus, in 2010 Bulgaria's agriculture exports amounted to USD 3.468 B compared with USD 2.795 B in 2009, a year-on-year growth of 24%. About 72% of the Bulgarian agricultural export goes to the rest of the EU with Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, and the Arab world re-emerging as important markets as well.
Agriculture occupied a share of 17% of Bulgarian exports in 2010, compared with a share of 10% of the Bulgarian imports.
In 2010, even though its share of the Bulgarian GDP was only 5.2%, its gross added value grew by 10.9% year-on-year, amounting to BGN 3.67 B, which is 6% of the gross added value generated by the Bulgarian economy last year.
On quarterly basis in 2010, Bulgaria's agriculture registered the fastest growth of all economic sectors.
The Agriculture Ministry points out that Bulgaria is one of the top eight EU member states in terms of the growth of the average income from agriculture. In 2010, Bulgaria's average agriculture income grew by 23% compared with 12.3% for the EU 27. The Ministry points out that Bulgaria's growth has surpassed the growth rates in older EU member states such as Germany, Spain, the UK, Greece, and Portugal.
Based on 2005 output, in 2010 Bulgaria registered the highest growth of agriculture income in the EU – 54.2%, compared with 10% for the EU 27 on average.
According to the Bulgarian Agriculture Ministry, fallow land in Bulgaria declined by 15% in 2010 compared with 2006, and is down to 8% of the total agricultural land in the country compared with 9.1% in 2006.
The Ministry further boasts an increased rate of processing projects applying for funding from the EU Rural Development Program. It says that 36% of Bulgaria's total funds under the program for 2007-2013 have been contracted, and 19.7% have been paid out to beneficiaries, which means that the program has the highest level of absorption of all EU programs in Bulgaria.
The Ministry has asked the European Commission for changes in the program in order to benefit the animal breeding sector of agriculture.
In 2010, animal breeding was 30.9% of the Bulgarian agriculture sector, and grew by 4.6% compared with 2009. The income from cattle breeding grew by 36.5%, from eggs – by 10.2%, from sheep and goats – by 2.5%. A total of BGN 177.5 M were paid in subsidies to animal breeding farmers in 2010 compared with BGN 123.7 M in 2009.
The Ministry of Agriculture says it is restructuring the management of forests, and has not allowed construction in the forest plots acquired through the notorious land swap deals carried out by the previous two Cabinets.
In 2010, the Ministry raised BGN 21.7 M by renting agricultural land and pastures compared with BGN 12 M in 2009.
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