Bulgaria Marks 200 Years from the Birth of Great Bulgarian Revolutionary Georgi Rakovski
Today Bulgaria celebrates the birth of Geori Rakovski but the entire 2021 is devoted to his name.
It is 200 years since the birth of the ideologue, organizer and leader of the national liberation movement in Bulgaria and 40 years since the construction of the Pantheon of the revolutionary in his hometown.
Georgi Stoykov Rakovski was born in Kotel. His childhood years were spent in his hometown. He was born in wealthy family and could have an easy life but chose otherwise. Throughout his entire life, Rakovski was devoted to the revolution and liberation of Bulgarian people.
He created the “First Bulgarian Legion”, drew up three plans for the Bulgarian liberation, traveled all over Europe spoke several languages and was highly educated.
His interest in history was exceptional because he claimed that a people who cannot know themselves and their own background cannot do anything important. Over the years, Rakovski worked as a lawyer, developed a business with the redemption of tax collection, wrote poems, organized the first Bulgarian military unit while the country was still under Ottoman rule.
"He was practically the first Bulgarian spy, because together with his associates, using his acquaintance with Ottoman dignitaries, he managed to be appointed chief translator of the Turkish Danube Army. He used this post to create new centres of the resistance movement and to supply the Russians with intel information” says the curator of Rakovski’s museum in his home town Kotel.
Being in exile, in addition to being an avid historian, ethnographer, philologist, he also proved to be an exceptional publicist. In his short life he managed to edit and publish 4 newspapers.
Rakovkski wrote novels and poems the most famous of which is “Gorski Patnik”.
Rakovski died at the age of 46 from tuberculosis in exile in 1867. He was buried in Bucharest. 18 years later, the Ruse Volunteer Society fulfilled his covenant and transferred his remains to Bulgaria in a special coffin. Initially they were kept in the church" Sveta Nedelya "in Sofia. Later in 1942, due to the insistence of the people of Kotel, the remains of their famous fellow citizen were transferred to his hometown.
At that time a monument to Rakovski was already erected in Kotel. His remains were laid to find final rest in the pantheon under a marble sarcophagus there.
Today, 200 years after Rakovski's birth generations of Kotel residents are proud of the work and heritage of their famous fellow citizen. He is considered not only symbol of Bulgarian National Revival but a figure of European magnitude.
Throughout 2021, as part of the national celebrations on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of Rakovski's birth, events in memory of the feat of the ideologue of the national liberation movement in Bulgaria are planned in eight Bulgarian cities.
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