The Young Bulgarians: Lazy Consumers with a Sense of Being Citizens of the World
There is no serious ground among the young generation in Bulgaria, neither national nihilism nor euroscepticism. Half of the young people feel citizens of Europe and the world, use the new technologies and the differences between the city and the village are deleted. Additionally, young people have more and more consumer habits and often shop, even the poorest of them. At the same time, they are apolitical, with only 3-4% wanting to engage in politics.
This shows the results of a large-scale youth survey conducted by Gallup International, which was presented on Tuesday.
Besides "brains", "hands" are also out of Bulgaria. More and more low-skilled young people emigrate, since they do not have a perspective in the country.
Material motivation is dominant in the emigration of Bulgarians, according to the survey.
"If the United States and Canada were the most preferred countries in the 1990s, now our compatriots choose European countries, mostly Germany and the UK, and the scale of the Bulgarian diaspora abroad makes it a factor in the processes in Bulgaria itself. is to be studied and to be at the center of the policy agenda, "said sociologist Assoc. Prof. Boris Popivanov from Ivan Hadjiyski Institute.
According to the survey, 40% of young people feel citizens of the world, 55% feel European, 90% feel Bulgarian. 54% of young Turks and 28% of Roma are proud of being Bulgarians.
The survey outlines young people in Bulgaria as consumers who prefer not to do anything.
"Every fifth youngster does not read at all in his spare time. Only 10% of the youngsters regularly do sport and do not even sport a quarter. Our young people are significant consumers of commercial products. Nearly a quarter of young people shop every day. The frequency of shopping does not depend on the financial possibilities and the poorest people shop as often as the rich, "said Siika Kovacheva from Plovdiv University" Paisii Hilendarski ".
Although they do not exercise, young people feel great health. Over 50% of the young people say they are in excellent health, 30% say - very good, a small percentage thinks it good and only 1% say "average".
Technically and materially secured
Along with this, the majority of young people are very well technically and materially secured - almost all have mobile phones, their own room, a computer at home.
"Young Bulgarians live with a high technical arsenal. We did not find a respondent who did not have a cell phone. There have been no differences between the city and the village in terms of computerization, except in the number of computers. 94% of Bulgarian young people own a computer in their family, and 44% say they have more than 1 computer. Youth has permanent access to the Internet ", sociologist Petar-Emil Mitev summarized before the Bulgarian National Radio.
Only 11% of young people do not have a car in the family.
87% of them have a private room.
"Our youth is in very good health. Over 50% of the young people say they are in excellent health, 30% say - very good, a small percentage qualify it as good and only 1% say "average", Mitev said.
Marginalization of Roma continues
"The bad news from the study, however, is that the marginalization of Bulgarian Roma continues to reach a painful scale in terms of both education and work," he said.
In his words, the rich-poor distances intertwine with ethnic distances.
"As if there is no one, there are Gypsies, Roma, or whatever you want to call them all. The gap is very serious, and this is one of the saddest conclusions I make from this further large-scale study. Alienation is a fact, and the life trajectories of these people are different. Without constant reminders, we will not simply address the problem, but after a time when we think of the reproduction of the political elite and reproduction in general, we will have two parallel realities, "said Parvan Simeonov of Gallup International. In his words, the problem should not be underestimated.
Young people know unexpectedly about corruption in education
"Young people unexpectedly point out a great deal about the existence of corruption in the education system. The difference between education and work is essential for one learner, then you work differently, "said Peter-Emil Mitev.
In his words, however, there is a high demand for higher education.
A quieter generation
"This is a quieter generation, there is no jittery that was typical of the transition," Mitev said.
He stressed that fear of unemployment has disappeared, but youthful sensitivity to social injustice is high.
Only 3-4% and not the best want to be politicians
Political alienation has grown, he said, adding that this also applies to participation in the election and political career. Only 3-4% of the youngsters have such an interest, and they are not the brightest, Mitev commented.
"We are in danger of aggravating the quality of the political elite, because such positions are oriented not to the best and most prepared young people," he said.
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