Bulgarian President on Macedonia: We Are No Second Greece!

Politics » DIPLOMACY | January 23, 2013, Wednesday // 13:13| Views: | Comments: 13
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Bulgaria: Bulgarian President on Macedonia: We Are No Second Greece! Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev has snubbed a comparison made by Macedonian media between Bulgaria and Greece over foreign policy issues. Photo by BGNES

Bulgaria's is not "a second Greece" with regard to its policy towards the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev has declared.

Plevneliev's statement Wednesday comes amidst a continuing anti-Bulgarian media hysteria in Macedonia, after at the end of 2012 Bulgaria's President and Cabinet decided as a EU member state the nation was against the EU scheduling a date for the start of Macedonia's EU accession negotiations because of Skopje's failure to meet some membership criteria.

The anti-Bulgarian media rhetoric in Macedonia has led to comparing Bulgaria to Greece in the sense of referring to Greece's implicit veto on Macedonia's accession to NATO and the EU as the result of the so called Macedonian name dispute under which Greece demands a modification of Macedonia's name because it coincides with the name of Greek province. As a result of this dispute, Macedonia is a member of the UN under the name "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".

"Let it be clear – Bulgaria is not a second Greece. Bulgaria doesn't wage a war [on Macedonia]. Not to mention that the argument that we are addressing some domestic issues with respect to the upcoming elections [by blocking Macedonia's EU talks date] is absurd," Bulgarian President Plevneliev elaborated, as cited by bTV.

He revealed that Bulgaria's position on Macedonia was discussed during Tuesday's meeting of the Council of Presidents – including Plevneliev and Bulgaria's former Presidents since 1990 – Zhelyu Zhelev, Petar Stoyanov, and Georgi Parvanov.

"We had a very good debate on this topic. Unfortunately, in the recent years, Europe hasn't been observing all the rules, and very often the problems weren't addressed or solved," Plevneliev said.

He believes that "Bulgaria's responsible position is not to keep quiet but to impose a veto in the course of the talks for Macedonia's EU accession while being as well-intentioned as possible".

Plevneliev indicated a harder stance against anti-Bulgarian rhetoric in Macedonia, and demanded that Bulgaria and Macedonia sign a friendship treaty, an agreement on good-neighborly relations based on a 1999 joint declaration.

Bulgaria's President Rosen Plevneliev recently told EU Enlargement Commissioner Stefan Fuele that Macedonia is not ready for EU accession talks.

Plevneliev thus in effect reiterated the position of Foreign Minister Nikolay Mladenov who recently made it clear that Bulgaria does not support Macedonia's EU entry unconditionally.

Earlier, in a special statement in August 2012, Bulgarian Foreign Minister Nikolay Mladenov reacted strongly to hate speech against Bulgaria in Macedonia media.

Since the early Middle Ages, all the way to the first half of the 20th century, Macedonia and its Slavic population were considered part of the Bulgarian nation not just by Bulgaria but also by its neighbors and the international community. This is why from its National Liberation in 1878 till 1944 Bulgaria waged five wars attempting to unite all of the Bulgarian-populated lands in the Balkans, including Macedonia – after the San Stefano Treaty of March 1878 providing one state for almost all Bulgarian-populated regions was revised three months later by the European Great Powers in the Treaty of Berlin leaving the regions of Thrace and Macedonia out of Bulgaria.

After both World War I and World War II, however, Serbia/Yugoslavia kept control of 40% of the territory of the geographic and historical region of Macedonia, the so called Vardar Macedonia (which in 1991 became the Republic of Macedonia), Greece retained about 50% of the region – the so called Aegean Macedonia, while only 10% of the region – the so called Pirin Macedonia – remained in Bulgaria.

The foundations of the contemporary Macedonian nation were laid in 1943-44 by Yugoslavia's  communists at a special congress that also proclaimed the creation of a Macedonian language and a Macedonian alphabet designed to differentiate the dialects spoken in the region of Macedonia from the Bulgarian language and to underline the creation of a distinct Macedonian national identity.

The so called question about the perceived Macedonian minority in Bulgaria exists since the late 1940s when the dictators of the Soviet Union and communist YugoslaviaJoseph Stalin and Josip Broz Tito – attempted to arrange the post-World War II order on the Balkans through the creation of a Balkan federation between Bulgaria and Yugoslavia.

One of the provisions of this state engineering project of the two notorious communist dictators was the creation of a Macedonian republic within the future federation. For that to happen, the leadership of communist Bulgaria had to cede Pirin Macedonia to Yugoslavia in exchange for the territories of the so called Western Outlands (the towns of Tsaribrod (Dimitrovgrad) and Bosilegrad where the recognized Bulgarian minority in Serbia lives today).

This provision was accepted unconditionally by the Bulgarian communist leader Georgi Dimitrov who acted under direct orders from Stalin. As a result, in the late 1940s, the Bulgarian Communist Party undertook an unprecedented campaign to force its own population in the Pirin Region (today's Blagoevgrad District in Southwest Bulgaria) to change its Bulgarian nationality and identity into the newly invented Macedonian one, and the official census figures out of the blue recorded that 250 000 Macedonians living in Bulgaria.

The campaign to force the people of the Blagoevgrad District to become "Macedonians" was dropped by the Bulgarian Communist Party after the entire project for a Balkan federation between Bulgaria and Yugoslavia was killed with the falling out between Stalin and Tito in 1948-49 – a rift that had wide repercussions for Europe during the entire Cold War period. This left the population of Southwest Bulgaria – which was harassed by its own government on orders from Moscow – to shake off the imagined ethnic Macedonian identity imposed on it.

Ever since, however, the authorities in Skopje whose legitimacy relies primarily on the doctrine described by the Bulgarian historians as "macedonianism", i.e. the distinct national identity of the Slavic population of the region of Macedonia, have resurfaced claims of "hundreds of thousands of ethnic Macedonians" living in Bulgaria under some sort of "brutal oppression." Macedonian media cite as evidence for such claims statements by the so called ethnic Macedonian party "OMO Ilinden-Pirin", whose members according to publications in the Bulgarian media are paid from Skopje and Belgrade to declare themselves as "Macedonians."

The provocations in the Macedonian media on the "question" of "ethnic Macedonians" abroad seem to be in line with last year's construction of monuments in Skopje of Alexander the Great and the medieval Bulgarian Tsar Samuil, both of which are deemed to be great Macedonians by the government of Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and his party VMRO-DPMNE – a move that caused anger in Greece, ridicule in Bulgaria, and criticism by the European Commission.

Some 50 000 Macedonians have granted Bulgarian citizenship in the past decade, and that the figure has seen a staggering increase in the past couple of years, as many Macedonians are, in the worlds of Bulgarian historian, ex Diaspora Minister and current head of the National History Museum, Bozhidar Dimitrov, returning to their "Bulgarian roots."

As of 2010, it is much easier for Macedonians to get Bulgarian citizenship because the Bulgarian authorities no longer ask them to provide a document of Bulgarian origin – which is usually some sort of a church or municipal certificate from the time of their grandparents; instead, for the purposes of granting citizenship, the Bulgarian state has switched to assuming that all Macedonians are of Bulgarian origin.

Unlike Greece, which gets enraged by Macedonia's moves toying with the cultural heritage from the Antiquity period and is tangled with Macedonia in the notorious name dispute, Bulgaria's governments traditionally react to propaganda fits by Skopje with disregard, while the general public in Bulgaria accepts them with ridicule. To the extent that Bulgaria has made any claims towards Macedonia, those have boiled down to the refusal to allow Skopje to hijack Bulgaria's historical heritage from the Middle Ages and the 19th century Revival Period.

Bulgaria was the first sovereign nation to recognize the independence of the Republic of Macedonia in 1992.

Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev himself comes from the southwestern Bulgarian town of Gotse Delchev which is located in the wider historical and geographic region of Macedonia.

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Tags: Buglarian President, Rosen Plevneliev, EU, Balkans, Western Balkans, Foreign Minister, foreign ministers, trilateral meeting, European Union, Nikolay Mladenov, Titus Corlatean, Dimitris Avramopoulos, EU accession, Stefan Fule, Stefan Fuele, EU Commissioner for Enlargement, EU enlargement, Bulgarian Cultural Club in Skopje, human rights, MEPs, ultranationalist, world macedonian congress, Todor Petrov, Nikolay Mladenov, Foreign Minister, Nikola Poposki, Omo Ilinden Pirin, propaganda, FYROM, macedonia, Macedonians, communist regime, Communist Bulgaria, Bulgarian Communist Party, Josip Broz Tito, Tito, Yugoslavia, Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, USSR, Georgi Dimitrov, Blagoevgrad District, Southwest Bulgaria, Vardar Macedonia, Pirin Macedonia, Aegean Macedonia, greece, name dispute, Bozhidar Dimitrov, Skopje, San Stefano Treaty, Berlin Treaty, Macedonian language, Macedonian media, Rosen Plevneliev, Bulgarian President
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» To the forumComments (13)
Nikola GrueFski - 21 Feb 2015 // 06:30:19

Get lost, you stupid Bg janissary! Traitors like yourself along with Vlachs and the ones pretending to be Serbs will be dealt with harshly once Eastern and Central FYROM is united with Bulgaria. (There are no indigenous Serbs in FYROM, they are Serbianized "former" Torlak Bulgarians, the only real Serbs are the ones having moved from Serbia during Yugoslav times or afterwards - minus the ones from Eastern Serbia that is Bulgarian territory). We will be paying Belarusian rackets to finish you off, or maybe some members of Bosnian, Albanian or Montenegrin mafias.

Mijak - 21 Feb 2015 // 02:12:13

"We Macedonians are not Serbians nor Bulgars but simply Macedonians. The Macedonian people (narod) exists separate from the Bulgarian and the Serbian. We feel with both and the one that helps our liberation we'll thank but neither should forget that Macedonia belongs to the Macedonians." - Boris Sarafov, 1902

Mijak - 21 Feb 2015 // 02:00:22

What a load of Bulgarian and Greek propaganda!

mitsos - 24 Jan 2013 // 13:48:27

i have splitted my post reply to mr peter since i had limitations in space. i ask your understanding

mitsos - 24 Jan 2013 // 12:41:55

finaly If someone reads the "post" of mr.Peter Givens he will be able to understand what are the effects on his mentality,which is coming from the systematic "brainwash" made by the official "education" system in FYROmacedonia along with state media propaganda the last 8-10 years

mitsos - 24 Jan 2013 // 12:40:33

You also ignores that in antiquity the fyrom's territory was the land of ancient Paionians -Dardanians a and Illyrians and other barbaric tribes , so the funny question is, why are the moderns inhabitants of fyrom "macedonians"? and not Dardanians or Paionians ? ha haha!!!!4)."The fact is, they are Tatars.(the Bulgars)"But this man ignores that the inhabitants of today city of Bitola and the near wide area were called "Dragovites" slavs by the Byzantines and were mixed with proto-Bulgarians led by a bulgar leader named KUBER who invaded the territory in 7th ac century

mitsos - 24 Jan 2013 // 12:35:45

"ethnic Macedonians" have highest amount of the Mediterranean gene of all European people! so if this is a strong prove for you, then why you don't speak the same language or some kind of language equivelant or close to ancient macedonian language ? or ,why you cultural heritage has no one element coming from them ?but only your civilization has similarities in all anthropological fields with the other south slavs of the balkan region and specially with Bulgarians?the ancient macedonians were christianized and spoke a greek language in 46-51, but your nation has been christianized 900 years later and got alphabet for the first time, why? You have forgoten your old faith and your language ? this comedy with fyrom's brainwashed slavs must take an end

mitsos - 24 Jan 2013 // 12:18:56

3) "Greece claims a lineage to the Ancient Hellens because of the modern Greeks living in the same area as the ancient people,, why shouldn't Macedonia claim same in its own territory?" the Greeks do not live only in the same area with ancient people ,but also are speaking the same language with them! and have the same continuationin in civilization and literacy in all eras, But the so called "mackedonski" have nothing common linguistically with ancient macedonians neither with their civilization at all

mitsos - 24 Jan 2013 // 12:10:55

l2) " ilegal partition(of macedonia) and occupation since 1913" He believes that his nation was the "legal owner" of Ottoman Macedonia province before Balkans wars in 1913 and ignores that the Turks have never recorded such nation in their census archives , but only multy-ethnic "subjects" such as Bulgarians, Greeks ,muslims(albanians) ,Serbs,Hebrews etc!

mitsos - 24 Jan 2013 // 12:04:34

Quotes 1) "Bulgaria claim Macedonians are Bulgarian, while Greece claims the Macedonians are Greek" This man strongly believes, that he has no slavic( bulgarian) ancestry, but he has a distinct ethnicity "the macedonian"(???) with other words he believes, that he is the descendant of ancient macedonians maybe a relative with Aristotle!!! and therefore, has no link with Bulgarians. and the other slavs, neither with the Greeks that he believes are Africans from mars

mitsos - 24 Jan 2013 // 12:01:32

what should i say?

mavro from australia - 23 Jan 2013 // 23:30:53

Greece has always been on the correct side of history defending its own liberty and the liberty of others. It's true Greece has ended up with more than most. That's no reason to believe that Greece doesn't deserve what it has because others chose the wrong path.

mitsos - 23 Jan 2013 // 20:22:12

QUOTE " Since the early Middle Ages, all the way to the first half of the 20th century, Macedonia and its Slavic population were considered part of the Bulgarian nation not just by Bulgaria but also by its neighbors and the international community. This is why from its National Liberation in 1878 till 1944 Bulgaria waged five wars attempting to unite all of the Bulgarian-populated lands in the Balkans, including Macedonia "Even if ,this quote is historically correct, bulgaria still select the wrong side recognising this entity as "macedonians" when it is well know by the scholars that these people were ever the same with bulgarian nation until 19th century when misirkov for the first time suggested the idea of a new nation in separatism from bulgarians for clear political reasons after the oncoming dissolution of ottoman empire

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