Russia Advises Ukraine to Become Federal State
A new federal constitution and fresh elections are among suggestions that Russian Foreign Ministry made to Ukraine on Monday.
In a statement posted on its website, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs urged Ukraine's parliament to call a constitutional assembly and draft a new constitution which envisages handling more power to the regions.
Broader autonomy and a "neutral political and military status" should also be maintained according to the official announcement.
The proposals were described in the message as efforts to ease the tensions in Ukraine by diplomatic means.
In its position on the Crimean standoff and the prospects of the autonomous region to join Russia, the Ministry has once again repeated that the situation in Ukraine was not created by Moscow, thus refuting EU's offer to create a contact group between the two countries affected.
The Kremlin maintains that it is not a side in the conflict between Crimea's ethnic Russians and Ukrainians, the latter being backed by a large Tatar population.
However, Russia's Foreign Ministry has now stated that it would accept to take part in a contact group, but under certain conditions that all sides (i.e. Ukrainians and Russians) would agree to adhere to.
Moscow believes that a contact group dealing with the crisis should be aimed at:
- returning to the February 21 agreement between former President Yanukovych and the opposition (which puts an end to the street protests and sets a date for presidential elections);
- establishing Russian language as a second official language in Ukraine;
- creating a federal constitution;
- respecting Crimeans' will expressed through the March 16 referendum.
- confirming Ukraine's political and military neutrality with guarantees by the EU, US and Russia and a resolution by UN's Security Council.
Key principles of the contact group should also include "respect for the interests of the multinational people of Ukraine", "free use of their language" for all Ukrainian citizens, and a ban on "Nazi ideology", which according to Russia has soaked into the government in Kiev.
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The US the so called Beacon of Democracy is a Federal State so it could work well for the Ukraine.
It is important to learm from political systems around the world and surely the US would approve of the Ukraine following their example of a Federal Structure.
That wouldn't be a bad idea. The aim of any government should be to manage the country so well, and with respect for all minorities, that no one would want to separate from that country. The Ukrainian government should have been given a chance to prove itself before a referendum on the Crimea was organised. To separate from one state and join another is a serious decision that affects the future of all inhabitants, so it needs more than 2 weeks of (free) public discussion.
It should be up to the Ukrainian people to decide whether they want to be neutral or want to join NATO, the EU or the Russian Federation.