Higgs Boson Scientists Win Nobel Prize in Physics
Scientists Peter Higgs and Francois Englert have won the Nobel prize in physics for their work on the theory of the Higgs boson.
The scientists were awarded “for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider.”
The awarded theory is a central part of the Standard Model of particle physics that describes how the world is constructed.
The Higgs bosson originates from an invisible field that fills up all space. Even when the universe seems empty this field is there. Without it, we would not exist, because it is from contact with the field that particles acquire mass. The theory proposed by Englert and Higgs describes this process.
On July 4 2012, at the CERN laboratory for particle physics, the theory was confirmed by the discovery of a Higgs particle.