Bulgarians, Romanians Worst Affected by Human Trafficking in EU
EU’s two poorest member states, Bulgaria and Romania, are also the countries with the bloc’s largest number of people falling prey of human trafficking, according to a European Commission report.
The report has established that a total of 23.632 people were identified or presumed victims of trafficking in the EU over the 2008-2010 period.
The report also highlights that the number of people being trafficked in and to the EU increased by 18% from 2008 to 2010, but less traffickers end up behind bars, since convictions decreased by 13% over the same period.
Despite this worrying background, to date, only 6 out of the 27 EU Member States have fully transposed the EU Anti-Trafficking Directive into their national legislation and three countries have only reported partial transposition of the directive, with the deadline having expired on 6 April 2013.
The majority of the identified and presumed victims over the three reference years are trafficked for sexual exploitation (62%). Trafficking for forced labor (25%) comes second and trafficking in other forms such as trafficking for the removal of organs, for criminal activities or for selling of children follow with much smaller percentages (14%).
The majority of the identified and presumed victims over the three reference years are from EU Member States (61%), followed by victims from Africa (14%), Asia (6%) and Latin America (5%).
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