Moscow Ranked Most Congested City in 2012
Moscow tops a ranking measuring congestion levels in 161 cities and across five continents.
According to the 2012 Congestion Index of TomTom, a leading supplier of location and navigation products and services, journey times in Moscow are 66% longer during non-congested periods when traffic is flowing freely, and 106% longer during morning rush hour.
According to the 2012 edition of the report, the ten most congested cities ranked by overall Congestion Level are Moscow (66%), Istanbul (55%), Warsaw (42%), Marseille (40%), Palermo (39%), Los Angeles (33%), Sydney (33%), Paris (33%), and Rome (33%).
In Europe, the top twenty is, as follows: Moscow (66%), Istanbul (55%), Warsaw(42%), Marseille (40%), Palermo (39%), Stuttgart (33%), Paris (33%), Rome (33%), Hamburg (32%), Brussels (32%), Dublin (29%), Stockholm (28%), Berlin (28%), London (27%), Nice (27%), Cologne (26%), Lyon (26%), Leeds-Bradford (26%), Vienna (25%), and Milan (25%).
Bulgaria is out of the top 20.
The methodology used in the Congestion Index compares measured travel times during non-congested periods (free flow) with travel times in peak hours. The difference is expressed as a percentage increase in travel time. The Index takes into account local roads, arterials, as well as highways. All data is based on actual GPS based measurements.
As well as assigning and ranking the overall congestion levels of over 161 cities around the world, the report analyses the congestion levels in cities at different times of the day and on different days of the week.