Bulgaria's Dec 2012 Unemployment Rate above EU Average
Unemployment rates in the EU have risen markedly compared with December 2011. File photo by BGNES
The unemployment rate in Bulgaria has reached 12.3% in December 2012, according to figures published Friday by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
It was 12.4% in November 2012, and 11.8% in December 2011.
The Eurozone seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate was 11.7% in December 2012, stable compared with November. The EU unemployment rate was 10.7%, also stable compared with November. In both zones, rates have risen markedly compared with December 2011, when they were 10.7% and 10.0% respectively.
Eurostat estimates that 25 926 million men and women in the EU, of whom 18 715 million were in the Eurozone, were unemployed in December 2012. Compared with November 2012, the number of persons unemployed was nearly stable in both the EU and the Eurozone. Compared with December 2011, unemployment rose by 1 763 million in the EU and by 1 796 million in the Eurozone.
Among the Member States, the lowest unemployment rates were recorded in Austria (4.3%), Germany and Luxembourg (both 5.3%) and the Netherlands (5.8%), and the highest in Greece (26.8% in October 2012) and Spain (26.1%).
Compared with a year ago, the unemployment rate increased in twenty Member States and fell in seven.
The largest decreases were observed in Estonia (12.1% to 9.9% between November 2011 and November 2012), Latvia (15.7% to 14.1% between the third quarters of 2011 and 2012) and Lithuania (13.7% to 12.3%).
The highest increases were registered in Greece (19.7% to 26.8% between October 2011 and October 2012), Cyprus (9.7% to 14.7%) and Spain (23.2% to 26.1%).
Between December 2011 and December 2012, the unemployment rate for males increased from 10.5% to 11.6% in the Eurozone and from 10.0% to 10.7% in the EU. The female unemployment rate rose from 10.9% to 11.8% in the Eurozone and from 10.1% to 10.7% in the EU.
In December 2012, 5.702 million young persons (under 25) were unemployed in the EU, of whom 3.624 million were in the Eurozone. Compared with December 2011, youth unemployment rose by 237 000 in the EU and by 303 000 in the Eurozone.
In December 2012, the youth unemployment rate was 23.4% in the EU and 24.0% in the Eurozone, compared with 22.2% and 21.7% respectively in December 2011. In December 2012 the lowest rates were observed in Germany (8.0%), Austria (8.5%) and the Netherlands (10.0%), and the highest in Greece (57.6% in October 2012) and Spain (55.6%).
In December 2012, the unemployment rate in the USA was 7.8%. In Japan it was 4.1% in November 2012.
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