Bulgaria Launches Recovery Plan for Faltering Military Plant
The troubled VMZ Sopot is the largest Bulgarian military plant, and has been expected to be privatized. File photo
The management of Bulgaria's State-owned arms manufacturer, VMZ Sopot, is to provide for the trade unions Wednesday an economic analysis.
The analysis should make it clear if layoffs are needed in order to successfully privatize the faltering military plant.
A recovery plans is also been launched Wednesday and the plant will be taken out of the list of enterprises that are privatized with a strategy. The latest decision was made Tuesday at an emergency meeting between ministers from the Cabinet and representatives of the Podkrepa Labor Confederation and the Confederation of Independent Trade Unions in Bulgaria, KNSB.
The decision will have to be approved by the Parliament and then a new privatization procedure is going to be launched.
Some of the workers' overdue salaries – up to one and a half monthly wage – are expected to be paid by the end of the week. The money will come from a deal with a foreign client, bTV reported Wednesday.
On Monday, Bulgaria's Privatization and Post-Privatization Control Agency (PPCA) terminated the procedure for the sale of military plant VMZ Sopot.
PPCA Executive Director Emil Karanikolov noted that EMKO EOOD, had submitted a binding offer by the deadline (3 p.m. on January 14) but had failed to transfer the EUR 3 M deposit for participation in the privatization procedure, thus the bid had not been even opened.
He argued that the problem was that the sole candidate in the privatization attempt had requested a renegotiation of the collective bargaining agreement between the trade unions and VMZ Sopot.
EMKO's CEO, Emiliyan Gebrev, has asked the syndicates to agree on a layoff of 2 000 workers from the total now of 3 200. The bidder has proposed to trade union representatives to eliminate from the collective bargaining agreement the procedure for laying-off personnel.
It emerged that the main hurdle before EMKO was not the mounting debt of VMZ Sopot, but the social commitments towards workers that had to be kept in place for three years after the privatization.
Economy and Energy Minister, Delyan Dobrev confirmed Tuesday that in order to privatize the faltering military plant there was a need of "structural reforms" that should include dismissing a number of employees. Prime Minister, Boyko Borisov, also said layoffs were a must if Bulgaria wanted to successfully privatize the arms manufacturer.
Tensions among workers at the plant, who have been staging protest rallies and effective strikes since December, escalated after the Minister's statement. They shouted "Work and Money! We are coming to Sofia!"
The trade unions informed they were having a hard time in trying to prevent road blockades by the outraged workers.
Candidates applying to buy VMZ Sopot were eligible to bid for it upon proof they have enough funds to cover its mounting debts, totaling some BGN 140 M, according to the strategy for the privatization of VMZ Sopot adopted by the Bulgarian Parliament in 2011, and the future owner was not to be allowed to lay off workers in the first three years after buying it.
Sopot, where the plant is located, is the birthplace of Bulgarian writer and poet Ivan Vazov, after whom it was named. The plant was founded in 1936, and during the communist period was developed into a large-scale military industrial unit.
VMZ Sopot produces anti-tank guided and unguided missiles, aviation unguided missiles, artillery ammunition, fuses. It also manufactures civilian products – it makes diamond tools, abrasive discs and grinding wheels, gas cylinders, food industry equipment, and household appliances.
VMZ Sopot has been in a troubled financial condition in the last few years. In 2007, Bulgaria's Privatization Agency started to sell some of the plant's assets in order to cover part of its debts; some of its assets were also sold at the beginning of 2009.
The bulk of the Bulgarian military-industrial complex was created during the communist period when the People's Republic of Bulgaria made lots of cash by selling arms mostly to developing countries. Together with the former USSR and the former Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria was the third COMECON member specializing in the defense industry.
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