Patriarch Maxim of Bulgaria, who has died aged 98, led his country's Orthodox Christians for more than 40 years, fighting off efforts to remove him from office following the end of communism.
When the communists took over Bulgaria in 1944, some 600 Orthodox priests were killed, the then patriarch was sent into internal exile, and the Church fell under the control of the state. For the next 45 years religious observance was strictly controlled: as in Russia, old women were allowed to attend church, but anyone else risked harassment, loss of employment, arrest, even jail. Most Orthodox priests had little choice but to go along with the new order, but many also became actively involved in the structures of communism, as informers for Bulgaria's hated secret police, the Darzhavna Sigurnost....
Pope John Paul II visit as "The main highlight of Maxim's patriarchate"
---silliness du jour from The Telegraph, the eructation of Ferrara-
Florence Decree of Union (1439)...;-)...where Papal primacy- i.e.
Bishop of Rome' supreme jurisdiction over the whole Church, including
Greek, Bulgarian, Russian and other Eastern national churches -was
fixed. (Btw, in reply to Eastern clergy' acceptance of Papal primacy,
Pope Eugene IV promised the military assistance to Byzantia against
Ottoman Turks and...and he didn't assist, sure)........Patriarch Maxim
had the other-and the real ones-highlights during his patriarchate.
Bulgarian President Turns 1st Sod on Scientific and Tech Park in Sofia
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