44% of Bulgarians Harbor Anti-Semitic Attitudes - Survey
44% of Bulgaria's population harbors anti-Semitic attitudes, according to a survey of US organization Anti-Defamation League.
The Anti-Defamation League commissioned First International Resources to research attitudes and opinions toward Jews in over 100 countries around the world.
All interviews for the ADL GLOBAL 100 study were conducted between July 2013 and February 2014 in 101 countries plus the Palestinian Territories in the West Bank & Gaza. The data is a result of 53,100 total interviews among citizens aged 18 and over. The survey comprises 11 questions developed by researchers at the University of California to provide an analytical tool for identifying respondents who harbor anti-Semitic attitudes and for measuring general acceptance of various negative Jewish stereotypes.
According to the survey, anti-Semitic attitudes in Bulgaria are more common among men (49%) than among women (39%) and they increase with age, the smallest percentage being recorded in the 18-34 age group (38%) and the highest in the 50+ age group (47%).
67% of Bulgarians believe that Jews have too much power in the business world, while 64% think that Jews have too much power in international financial markets.
21% of the Bulgarian respondents believe that Jews are responsible for most of the world's wars
On an international scale, 26% of those surveyed, or a total of 1.09 billion people around the world, harbor anti-Semitic attitudes.
Only 54% of those polled globally have ever heard of the Holocaust. Two out of three people surveyed have either never heard of the Holocaust, or do not believe historical accounts to be accurate.
The most widely accepted anti-Semitic stereotype worldwide is: "Jews are more loyal to Israel than to this country/the countries they live in." Overall, 41% of those surveyed believe this statement to be "probably true."
The second most widely accepted stereotype worldwide is "Jews have too much power in the business world." Overall, 35% of those surveyed believe this statement to be "probably true." This is also the most widely held stereotype in Eastern Europe.
According to the survey, the least anti-Semitic country is Laos, with 0.2% of the adult population holding anti-Semitic views, while the most anti-Semitic place is West Bank and Gaza, where anti-Semitic attitudes stand at 93%.
The 16 countries with the highest index scores of anti-Semitic views are all in the Middle East and North Africa. In Middle East and North African countries ("MENA"), 74% of those polled agreed with a majority of the anti-Semitic stereotypes that comprise the 11-question index. Non-MENA countries have an average index score of 23 percent. In Eastern Europe, 34% of the population reports anti-Semitic attitudes, compared to 24% in Western Europe.
The top countries/territories in the ADL 100 Global Index are: the West Bank and Gaza, with 93% of the adult population holding anti-Semitic views, followed by Iraq with 92%, Yemen with 88%, and Algeria with 87%.
The lowest-ranked countries in the ADL Global Index are: Laos, with 0.2% of the adult population holding anti-Semitic views, preceded by the Philippines with 3%, Sweden with 4%, the Netherlands – 5% andVietnam with 6%.
- » Popovi Livadi Becomes Bulgaria's Newest Village
- » Illegal Constructions in Plovdiv's Stolipinovo to be Removed
- » Roma People in Garmen Plead for Peace Following Ethnic Tensions
- » Bulgaria's New Gallery Square 500 Opening Thursday
- » Hip Hop, Neo Soul Diva Lauryn Hill to Perform in Sofia
- » Azerbaijan’s Heydar Aliyev Foundation Donates BGN 2.5 M for Restoration of Trapezitsa Fortress
To Potemkin Village you are very pro US.
The US treats their native population really badly a third of native americans still live on reservations and they are much poorer than average americans.
Yes the US is an example of a country that treats a large ethnic group really badly and are ANTI NATIVE AMERICAN.
And by the way Optimistic, you've said here publicly many times how you like Ataka and Siderov. If you like a political party that says more Jews should have been sent to Auschwitz and who's leader says Jews and Israel should be eliminated you are an ANTI-SEMITE asshole.
Thankfully with monkeys like Vlad there's no need even to argue - he shoots himself in the foot. No wonder the Russkies got their ass slammed by the US during the Cold War and why the average Russian makes $5,000 a year and the average American $50,000.
"These views explain why Eastern Europe continues to be one of the poorest and most backward regions in the world and its inhabitants the unhappiest people."
One of the most stupid things I have ever heard of, as if Eastern europeans might not like jews, gays or niggers (not speaking for the majority), it does not reason for the economic problems and unhappyness.
In fact, if eastern europe let in all this arab/nigger animals like they do in Scandinavia, raising crime levels heavily and not to mention the muslim rapewave, that Scandinavia now is famous for.
Countries like that now no longer have their own culture as multiculturalism destroyed it, and they're draining their welfare system not to mention in UK there has been scandals about schools becoming islam.
I am happy Russia and Eastern Europe mantain it's own culture and ethnicity, instead of taking the wrong road of multiculturalism which is costing the west billions of euros. East, would never afford it and it's much better off as it is now. Even there is racist black groups who are targeting whites, which is just insane.
About gays, whether you accept them or not doesn't influence the economy either. Only if you want to keep markets with assholes like Useless states of America, which is not needed here.
And as a remark, I have never said anything anti-Semitic and I do have jewish friends as well.
dingie, did it ever occue to you that bulgarians and eastern europeans haev anti semitic attitudes based on the zionist role in communism/ and that eastern countries are backward BECAUSE zionists control the economy and retard developmenet of a local middle class
You who call yourself pro semite, you are a liar, I never post anything anti semitic or racist.
I think it is offensive that you use an article on anti semitism to spread lies, if you truly cared about Jewish people you would not use an article such as this to spread lies.
"The 16 countries with the highest index scores of anti-Semitic views are all in the Middle East and North Africa. In Middle East and North African countries ("MENA"), 74% of those polled agreed with a majority of the anti-Semitic stereotypes that comprise the 11-question index. Non-MENA countries have an average index score of 23 percent. In Eastern Europe, 34% of the population reports anti-Semitic attitudes, compared to 24% in Western Europe."
Anti-semitism in Eastern Europe is second highest in the world after the Middle East. Led by Russian nationalism and fascism, anti-Semitism started in Eastern Europe and has gained a strong hold. Jobbik from Hungary, Ataka in Bulgaria and Golden Dawn in Greece - 3 fascist anti-Jew parties that are strong allies of Russia actively call for violence against Jews and the destruction of Israel. Russia actively courts radical right wing fascist parties in Europe that are virulently anti-semitic. 3 weeks ago the Russians in Eastern Ukraine asked the Jews there to register or else be attacked.
In contrast the interim government of Kiev has 3 ministers who are Jewish including the Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk who is of Jewish origin.
Eastern Europeans need to rid themselves of this Russian fascist propaganda which spews hate against Jews, blacks, gays and people who are different from the mainstream. Look at this forum and when people like Vladimir K, Optimistic, George Zheliazkov, Yane or sa-sha post they only express racist, anti-Jew, anti-black and anti-gay sentiments.
These views explain why Eastern Europe continues to be one of the poorest and most backward regions in the world and its inhabitants the unhappiest people.