Court Rules Bulgarian Byzantine Treasure Should be returned by Greece
A Bulgarian court has ruled for the confiscation of the nine Byzantine plates purchased by three Greek museums in 2004. The confiscation is possible on the basis of a special EU law, which Greece has not yet adopted, according to the Greek daily newspaper Kathimerini.
Bulgaria argues that the Byzantine treasure, which dates to the twelfth century, was acquired during illegal excavations in 1999 and then smuggled out of the country. Greece, on the other hand, says that the three museums purchased the plates from a Greek collector in London with money donated by citizens, including Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis, and supplied by the Ministy of Culture.
The Greek museums have not yet stated their official position as they will first agree on it with the ministries of foreign affairs and culture.
The dispute over the ownership of the plates caused them to be excluded from Europe's biggest Byzantine-themed exhibition of the last 50 years, Byzantium 330-1453, which is displayed at London's Royal Academy of Arts until March 22.
The Byzantine Heritage Museum in Thessaloniki, the Benaki Museum and the Byzantine and Christian Museum in Athens each display three of the nine silver plates decorated with gold, balkantravellers.com reported.
In July of 2007, Bulgaria lodged an official demand with Greek authorities to return the plates, saying they were illegally excavated near the town of Pazardzhik in central Bulgaria and smuggled out in 2000-2001. Greece, which claims that the acquisition was not illegal, purchased the set for over EUR 2 M in 2004, following considerable international publicity, which it now uses in its defence.
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If they are returned to Bulgaria, then after a few years, once the fuss has died down, some underpaid museum official will "privatise" them and sell them black market to a private collector in Asia, and they will never be seen again...
Keep them Greece, at least your security is probably a bit better!
I think it's true that cultural artifacts gain from being exhibited in or near the place to which they are indigenous. The cultural significance of "place" which they then have adds to a sense of their cultural value, and this in turn enhances the culture which possesses them. It is no harm for the Byzantine treasure in question to be exhibited in central Bulgaria, where they were found in the first place. If I was in possession of them, I would gift them to the people of Bulgaria.
Schliemann smuggled Priam's Treasure out of Anatolia probably bribing an Ottoman official. So it became a German treasure. Then, during WWII the Russians looted the German museum where it was and it became a Russian treasure. After which the Germans told the Russians to return the treasure that they first stole from todays Turkey.
So who is the rightful owner of the Priam"s treasure? Should the British, the French, the German, the Spanish and the Russian museums return everything they stole from all over the world and how it will be worked out?
The term Bulgarian Byzantine treasure makes no sense - its simply Byzantine treasure and very probably dates from the time when Bulgaria didnt exist as such and was part of the Empire. So why the greeks should return the plates made by their predecessors given that they bought them legally?